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Windows Update Settings

Use the windows_update_settings resource to manage the various Windows Update patching options.

Syntax


The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the windows_update_settings resource is:

windows_update_settings 'name' do
  add_to_target_wsus_group                 true, false # default value: false
  automatic_update_option                  Integer # default value: 4
  automatically_install_minor_updates      true, false # default value: false
  block_windows_update_website             true, false # default value: false
  custom_detection_frequency               Integer # default value: 22
  disable_automatic_updates                true, false # default value: false
  disable_os_upgrades                      true, false # default value: false
  elevate_non_admins                       true, false # default value: true
  enable_detection_frequency               true, false # default value: false
  no_reboot_with_users_logged_on           true, false # default value: true
  scheduled_install_day                    Integer # default value: 0
  scheduled_install_hour                   Integer
  target_wsus_group_name                   String
  update_other_ms_products                 true, false # default value: true
  use_custom_update_server                 true, false # default value: false
  wsus_server_url                          String
  wsus_status_server_url                   String
  action                                   Symbol # defaults to :enable if not specified
end

where:

  • windows_update_settings is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • add_to_target_wsus_group, automatic_update_option, automatically_install_minor_updates, block_windows_update_website, custom_detection_frequency, disable_automatic_updates, disable_os_upgrades, elevate_non_admins, enable_detection_frequency, no_reboot_with_users_logged_on, scheduled_install_day, scheduled_install_hour, target_wsus_group_name, update_other_ms_products, use_custom_update_server, wsus_server_url, and wsus_status_server_url are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The has the following actions:

:enable
Overrides the default settings with these custom options.
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

Properties


The windows_update_settings resource has the following properties:

add_to_target_wsus_group
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

If you have a WSUS Server and Target Groups, set this True

automatic_update_option
Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 4

An Integer value to tell nodes when and how to download updates. Default is 4 - Auto-download and schedule updates to install

automatically_install_minor_updates
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Automatically install minor updates. Default is False

block_windows_update_website
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Denies access to Windows Update to get updates

custom_detection_frequency
Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 22

If you decided to override the OS default detection frequency, specify your choice here. Valid choices are 0 - 22

disable_automatic_updates
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Prevents automatic updates. Defaults to False to allow automatic updates

disable_os_upgrades
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

True/False to disable OS upgrades.

elevate_non_admins
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

This property allows normal user accounts to temporarily be elevated to install patches

enable_detection_frequency
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Used to override the OS default of how often to check for updates

no_reboot_with_users_logged_on
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

Prevents the OS from rebooting while someone is on the console. Default is True

scheduled_install_day
Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

A number value to tell Windows when to install updates. Defaults to 0 - every day

scheduled_install_hour
Ruby Type: Integer

If you chose a scheduled day to install, then choose an hour on that day for you installation

target_wsus_group_name
Ruby Type: String

This is the name of the WSUS Target Group you want the node to be in

update_other_ms_products
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

Allows for other Microsoft products to get updates too

use_custom_update_server
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Used to tell nodes to use a WSUS server, Defaults to False - Use Microsoft for updates

wsus_server_url
Ruby Type: String

The URL of your WSUS server if you use one

wsus_status_server_url
Ruby Type: String

URL for the WSUS Status server. It can be the same as the URL for the WSUS server itself


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef Infra Client.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


This resource does not have any examples.