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aws_cloudfront_distribution Resource

Use the aws_cloudfront_distribution InSpec audit resource to test the properties of a single AWS CloudFront distribution.

For additional information, including details on parameters and properties, see the AWS API reference for CloudFront distributions documentation. For available SSL/TLS version identifiers, see OriginSslProtocols and AWS::CloudFront::distribution ViewerCertificate documentation.


This resource is available in the Chef InSpec AWS resource pack.

For information on configuring your AWS environment for Chef InSpec and creating an InSpec profile that uses the InSpec AWS resource pack, see the Chef InSpec documentation on the AWS cloud platform.


Ensure that an aws_cloudfront_distribution exists:

describe aws_cloudfront_distribution('DISTRIBUTION') do
  it { should exist }
describe aws_cloudfront_distribution(distribution_id: 'DISTRIBUTION') do
  it { should exist }


distribution_id (required)

The CloudFront distribution ID, which can be passed either as a string or as a name: 'value' key-value entry in a hash.

disallowed_ssl_protocols (optional)

If provided, this parameter is expected to be an array of strings identifying SSL/TLS protocols that you wish not to allow.

Included in the array should be the union of disallowed identifiers for:

  • custom origin SSL/TLS protocols (currently SSLv3 | TLSv1 | TLSv1.1 | TLSv1.2)
  • identifiers for the minimum SSL/TLS protocol in the Viewer Certificate that CloudFront can use to communicate with viewers (currently SSLv3 | TLSv1 | TLSv1_1026 | TLSv1.1_2016 | TLSv1.2_2018 | TLSv1.2_2019 | TLSv1.2_2021).

Newer protocol identification strings (when available) may be provided in the set, as validity is not checked. The default value for disallowed_ssl_protocols is %w{SSLv3 TLSv1 TLSv1_2016}.

origin_domain_name (optional)

The domain name for the origin.

Provide the origin_domain_name if you want to validate the s3_origin_path property.


The identifier for the CloudFront distribution.
An array of viewer protocol policies for all caches in this distribution; valid policy names are allow-all (which allows HTTP and HTTPS), https-only or redirect-to-https.
An array containing SSL/TLS protocols allowed by custom origins in this distribution. Empty if there are no custom origins (one or more standard S3 bucket origins). Current valid values are SSLv3, TLSv1, TLSv1.1, TLSv1.2.
The minimum SSL/TLS protocol version in the Viewer Certificate. Current valid values: SSLv3, TLSv1, TLSv1_2016, TLSv1.1_2016, TLSv1.2_2018, TLSv1.2_2019, TLSv1.2_2021.
True: if there are any S3 origin configs in the distribution (i.e. standard S3 bucket origins), else False.
The S3 origin path if origin_domain_name is specified in the resource parameters.
The origin access identity for s3 origin config.
Access logging for CloudFront distribution.
The viewer certificate certificate source of CloudFront distribution.


Test that a CloudFront distribution has secure protocols configured.

describe aws_cloudfront_distribution('DISTRIBUTION_ID') do
  its('viewer_certificate_minimum_ssl_protocol') { should_not match /SSLv3|TLSv1$|TLSv1_2016/ }
  its('viewer_protocol_policies') { should_not include 'allow-all' }
  {SSLv3 TLSv1}.each do |protocol|
    its('custom_origin_ssl_protocols') { should_not include protocol }


For a full list of available matchers, see our Universal Matchers page.

This resource has the following special matchers.


The have_viewer_protocol_policies_allowing_http matcher tests if any of the caches for origins, including the default cache, has its viewer_protocol_policy set to ‘allow-all’.

it { should_not have_viewer_protocol_policies_allowing_http }


The have_disallowed_custom_origin_ssl_protocols matcher tests whether any of the SSL/TLS protocols defined in the ssl_protocols for all custom origins in the distribution are present in the disallowed_ssl_protocols parameter (if provided), or in the default disallowed SSL/TLS protocol list (if not).

it { should_not have_disallowed_custom_origin_ssl_protocols }


The have_disallowed_viewer_minimum_ssl_protocol matcher tests whether the minimum SSL/TLS protocol for the distribution’s Viewer Certificate is in the disallowed_ssl_protocols parameter (if provided), or in the default disallowed SSL/TLS protocol list (if not).

it { should_not have_disallowed_viewer_certificate_minimum_ssl_protocol }


The have_s3_origin_configs matcher tests whether the distribution has a non-nil s3_origin_configs setting in any of its origins.

it { should_not have_s3_origin_configs }


The have_access_logging_enabled matcher tests whether the distribution has access logging enabled.

it { should have_access_logging_enabled }


The control will pass if the describe returns at least one result.

describe aws_cloudfront_distribution('EXISTING_DISTRIBUTION_ID') do
  it { should exist }

Use should_not to test the entity should not exist.

describe cloudfront_distribution('NONEXISTING_DISTRIBUTION_ID') do
  it { should_not exist }


Use s3_origin_path to return an origin path for the specified origin domain name if the origin path is configured, otherwise it returns an empty string.

describe aws_cloudfront_distribution(distribution_id: 'DISTRIBUTION_ID', origin_domain_name: 'ORIGIN_DOMAIN_NAME') do
  its ('s3_origin_path') { should include '/next' }
describe aws_cloudfront_distribution(distribution_id: 'DISTRIBUTION_ID', origin_domain_name: 'ORIGIN_DOMAIN_NAME') do
  its ('s3_origin_path') { should include '/release' }

For the default origin path:

describe aws_cloudfront_distribution(distribution_id: 'DISTRIBUTION_ID', origin_domain_name: 'ORIGIN_DOMAIN_NAME') do
    its ('s3_origin_path') { should include '' }

AWS Permissions

Your Principal will need the CloudFront:Client:GetDistributionResult action with Effect set to Allow.

You can find detailed documentation at Identity and Access Management (IAM) in CloudFront.

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