Skip to main content

parse_config resource

[edit on GitHub]

Use the parse_config Chef InSpec audit resource to test arbitrary configuration files.



This resource is distributed along with Chef InSpec itself. You can use it automatically.


This resource first became available in v1.0.0 of InSpec.


A parse_config resource block declares the location of the configuration setting to be tested, and then what value is to be tested. Because this resource relies on arbitrary configuration files, the test itself is often arbitrary and relies on custom Ruby code:

output = command('some-command').stdout

describe parse_config(output, { data_config_option: value } ) do
  its('setting') { should eq 1 }


audit = command('/sbin/auditctl -l').stdout
  options = {
    assignment_regex: /^\s*([^:]*?)\s*:\s*(.*?)\s*$/,
    multiple_values: true

describe parse_config(audit, options) do
  its('setting') { should eq 1 }

where each test

  • Must declare the location of the configuration file to be tested
  • Must declare one (or more) settings to be tested
  • May run a command to stdout, and then run the test against that output
  • May use options to define how configuration data is to be parsed


For a full list of available matchers, please visit our matchers page.


Use assignment_regex to test a key value using a regular expression:

'key = value'

may be tested using the following regular expression, which determines assignment from key to value:

assignment_regex: /^\s*([^=]*?)\s*=\s*(.*?)\s*$/


Use comment_char to test for comments in a configuration file:

comment_char: '#'


Use key_values to test how many values a key contains:

key = a b c

contains three values. To test that value to ensure it only contains one, use:

key_values: 1


Use multiple_values if the source file uses the same key multiple times. All values will be aggregated in an array:

# # file structure:
# key = a
# key = b
# key2 = c
params['key'] = ['a', 'b']
params['key2'] = ['c']

To use plain key value mapping, use multiple_values: false:

# # file structure:
# key = a
# key = b
# key2 = c
params['key'] = 'b'
params['key2'] = 'c'


Use standalone_comments to parse comments as a line, otherwise inline comments are allowed:

'key = value # comment'
params['key'] = 'value # comment'

Use standalone_comments: false, to parse the following:

'key = value # comment'
params['key'] = 'value'