windows_package

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Use the windows_package resource to manage Microsoft Installer Package (MSI) packages for the Microsoft Windows platform.

Changed in 12.4 to include checksum and remote_file_attributes and URL locations on the source properties. Changed in Chef Client 12.6 to support a greater variety of installer_type; Changed in 12.0 for installer_type to require a symbol.

Syntax

A windows_package resource block manages a package on a node, typically by installing it. The simplest use of the windows_package resource is:

windows_package 'package_name'

which will install the named package using all of the default options and the default action (:install).

The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the windows_package resource is:

windows_package 'name' do
  checksum                   String
  installer_type             Symbol
  notifies                   # see description
  options                    String
  provider                   Chef::Provider::Package::Windows
  remote_file_attributes     Hash
  returns                    Integer, Array of integers
  source                     String # defaults to 'name' if not specified
  subscribes                 # see description
  timeout                    String, Integer
  version                    String, Array
  action                     Symbol # defaults to :install if not specified
end

where

  • windows_package tells the chef-client to manage a package
  • 'name' is the name of the package
  • action identifies which steps the chef-client will take to bring the node into the desired state
  • checksum, installer_type, options, package_name, provider, remote_file_attributes, returns, source, and timeout are properties of this resource, with the Ruby type shown. See “Properties” section below for more information about all of the properties that may be used with this resource.

Actions

This resource has the following actions:

:install
Default. Install a package. If a version is specified, install the specified version of the package.
:nothing
Define this resource block to do nothing until notified by another resource to take action. When this resource is notified, this resource block is either run immediately or it is queued up to be run at the end of the chef-client run.
:remove
Remove a package.

Properties

This resource has the following properties:

checksum

Ruby Type: String

The SHA-256 checksum of the file. Use to prevent a file from being re-downloaded. When the local file matches the checksum, the chef-client does not download it. Use when a URL is specified by the source property.

New in Chef Client 12.4, changed in 12.6.

ignore_failure

Ruby Types: TrueClass, FalseClass

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason. Default value: false.

installer_type

Ruby Type: Symbol

A symbol that specifies the type of package. Possible values: :custom (such as installing a non-.msi file that embeds an .msi-based installer), :inno (Inno Setup), :installshield (InstallShield), :msi (Microsoft Installer Package (MSI)), :nsis (Nullsoft Scriptable Install System (NSIS)), :wise (Wise).

Changed in Chef Client 12.6 to support diverse installer types; Changed in 12.0 to require a symbol.

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during the chef-client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the very end of the chef-client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
options

Ruby Type: String

One (or more) additional options that are passed to the command.

provider

Ruby Type: Chef Class

Optional. Explicitly specifies a provider. See “Providers” section below for more information.

remote_file_attributes

Ruby Type: Hash

A package at a remote location define as a Hash of properties that modifes the properties of the remote_file resource.

New in Chef Client 12.4.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer

The number of times to catch exceptions and retry the resource. Default value: 0.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer

The retry delay (in seconds). Default value: 2.

returns

Ruby Types: Integer, Array of integers

A comma-delimited list of return codes that indicate the success or failure of the command that was run remotely. This code signals a successful :install action. Default value: 0.

source

Ruby Type: String

Optional. The path to a package in the local file system. The location of the package may be at a URL. Default value: the name of the resource block See “Syntax” section above for more information.

If the source property is not specified, the package name MUST be exactly the same as the display name found in Add/Remove programs or exacty the same as the DisplayName property in the appropriate registry key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall
HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Wow6432Node\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Uninstall

Note

If there are multiple versions of a package installed with the same display name, all of those packages will be removed unless a version is provided in the version property or unless it can be discovered in the installer file specified by the source property.

Changed in Chef Client 12.4 to support URL locations.

subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
   mode '0600'
   owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
   subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during the chef-client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the very end of the chef-client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
timeout

Ruby Types: String, Integer

The amount of time (in seconds) to wait before timing out. Default value: 600 (seconds).

version

Ruby Types: String, Array

The version of a package to be installed or upgraded.

Providers

Where a resource represents a piece of the system (and its desired state), a provider defines the steps that are needed to bring that piece of the system from its current state into the desired state.

The chef-client will determine the correct provider based on configuration data collected by Ohai at the start of the chef-client run. This configuration data is then mapped to a platform and an associated list of providers.

Generally, it’s best to let the chef-client choose the provider, and this is (by far) the most common approach. However, in some cases, specifying a provider may be desirable. There are two approaches:

  • Use a more specific short name—yum_package "foo" do instead of package "foo" do, script "foo" do instead of bash "foo" do, and so on—when available

  • Use declare_resource. This replaces all previous use cases where the provider class was passed in through the provider property:

    pkg_resource = case node['platform_family']
      when "debian"
        :dpkg_package
      when "fedora", "rhel", "amazon"
        :rpm_package
      end
    
    pkg_path = ( pkg_resource == :dpkg_package ) ? "/tmp/foo.deb" : "/tmp/foo.rpm"
    
    declare_resource(pkg_resource, pkg_path) do
      action :install
    end
    

For reference, the providers available for this resource are listed below. However please note that specifying a provider via its long name (such as Chef::Provider::Package) using the provider property is not recommended. If a provider needs to be called manually, use one of the two approaches detailed above.

Chef::Provider::Package, package
When this short name is used, the chef-client will attempt to determine the correct provider during the chef-client run.
Chef::Provider::Package::Windows, windows_package
The provider for the Microsoft Windows platform.

Examples

The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using resources in recipes. If you want to see examples of how Chef uses resources in recipes, take a closer look at the cookbooks that Chef authors and maintains: https://github.com/chef-cookbooks.

Install a package

windows_package '7zip' do
  action :install
  source 'C:\7z920.msi'
end

Specify a URL for the source attribute

windows_package '7zip' do
  source 'http://www.7-zip.org/a/7z938-x64.msi'
end

Specify path and checksum

windows_package '7zip' do
  source 'http://www.7-zip.org/a/7z938-x64.msi'
  checksum '7c8e873991c82ad9cfc123415254ea6101e9a645e12977dcd518979e50fdedf3'
end

Modify remote_file resource attributes

The windows_package resource may specify a package at a remote location using the remote_file_attributes property. This uses the remote_file resource to download the contents at the specified URL and passes in a Hash that modifes the properties of the remote_file resource.

For example:

windows_package '7zip' do
  source 'http://www.7-zip.org/a/7z938-x64.msi'
  remote_file_attributes ({
    :path => 'C:\\7zip.msi',
    :checksum => '7c8e873991c82ad9cfc123415254ea6101e9a645e12977dcd518979e50fdedf3'
  })
end

Download a nsis (Nullsoft) package resource

windows_package 'Mercurial 3.6.1 (64-bit)' do
  source 'http://mercurial.selenic.com/release/windows/Mercurial-3.6.1-x64.exe'
  checksum 'febd29578cb6736163d232708b834a2ddd119aa40abc536b2c313fc5e1b5831d'
end

Download a custom package

windows_package 'Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Redistributable' do
  source 'https://download.microsoft.com/download/6/B/B/6BB661D6-A8AE-4819-B79F-236472F6070C/vcredist_x86.exe'
  installer_type :custom
  options '/Q'
end