windows_share resource

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Use the windows_share resource to create, modify and remove Windows shares.

New in Chef Client 14.7.

Syntax

The windows_share resource has the following syntax:

windows_share 'name' do
  ca_timeout                  Integer # default value: 0
  change_users                Array
  concurrent_user_limit       Integer # default value: 0
  continuously_available      true, false # default value: false
  description                 String
  encrypt_data                true, false # default value: false
  full_users                  Array
  path                        String
  read_users                  Array
  scope_name                  String # default value: "*"
  share_name                  String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  temporary                   true, false # default value: false
  action                      Symbol # defaults to :create if not specified
end

where:

  • windows_share is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps the chef-client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • ca_timeout, change_users, concurrent_user_limit, continuously_available, description, encrypt_data, full_users, path, read_users, scope_name, share_name, and temporary are the properties available to this resource.

Actions

The windows_share resource has the following actions:

:create
Create and modify Windows shares.
:delete
Delete an existing Windows share.
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of the Chef Client run.

Properties

The windows_share resource has the following properties:

ca_timeout

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The continuous availability time-out for the share.

change_users

Ruby Type: Array

The users that should have ‘modify’ permission on the share in domainusername format.

concurrent_user_limit

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The maximum number of concurrently connected users the share can accommodate.

continuously_available

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Indicates that the share is continuously available.

description

Ruby Type: String

The description to be applied to the share.

encrypt_data

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Indicates that the share is encrypted.

full_users

Ruby Type: Array

The users that should have ‘Full control’ permissions on the share in domainusername format.

path

Ruby Type: String

The path of the folder to share. Required when creating. If the share already exists on a different path then it is deleted and re-created.

read_users

Ruby Type: Array

The users that should have ‘read’ permission on the share in domainusername format.

scope_name

Ruby Type: String | Default Value: "*"

The scope name of the share.

share_name

Ruby Type: String | Default Value: 'name'

The name to assign to the share.

temporary

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

The lifetime of the new SMB share. A temporary share does not persist beyond the next restart of the computer.

Common Resource Functionality

Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by the chef-client.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during the Chef Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of the Chef Client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes
Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during the Chef Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of the Chef Client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of the chef-client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell the chef-client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for the chef-client to do nothing.

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of the chef-client run:

not_if
Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.
only_if
Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples

Create a share

windows_share 'foo' do
  action :create
  path 'C:\\foo'
  full_users ['DOMAIN_A\\some_user', 'DOMAIN_B\\some_other_user']
  read_users ['DOMAIN_C\\Domain users']
end

** Delete a share **

windows_share 'foo' do
  action :delete
end