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apt_repository resource

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Resources Reference page


Use the apt_repository resource to specify additional APT repositories. Adding a new repository will update the APT package cache immediately.

New in Chef Infra Client 12.9.

Syntax


An apt_repository resource specifies APT repository information and adds an additional APT repository to the existing list of repositories:

apt_repository 'nginx' do
  uri        'http://nginx.org/packages/ubuntu/'
  components ['nginx']
end

The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the apt_repository resource is:

apt_repository 'name' do
  arch               String, false
  cache_rebuild      true, false # default value: true
  components         Array # default value: `main` if using a PPA repository.
  cookbook           String, false
  deb_src            true, false # default value: false
  distribution       String, false # default value: The LSB codename of the node such as 'focal'.
  key                String, Array, false
  key_proxy          String, false
  keyserver          String, false # default value: "keyserver.ubuntu.com"
  repo_name          String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  trusted            true, false # default value: false
  uri                String
  action             Symbol # defaults to :add if not specified
end

where:

  • apt_repository is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • arch, cache_rebuild, components, cookbook, deb_src, distribution, key, key_proxy, keyserver, repo_name, trusted, and uri are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The apt_repository resource has the following actions:

:add
Default. Creates a repository file at /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ and builds the repository listing.
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.
:remove
Removes the repository listing.

Properties


The apt_repository resource has the following properties:

arch
Ruby Type: String, false

Constrain packages to a particular CPU architecture such as i386 or amd64.

cache_rebuild
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

Determines whether to rebuild the APT package cache.

components
Ruby Type: Array | Default Value: `main` if using a PPA repository.

Package groupings, such as ‘main’ and ‘stable’.

cookbook
Ruby Type: String, false

If key should be a cookbook_file, specify a cookbook where the key is located for files/default. Default value is nil, so it will use the cookbook where the resource is used.

deb_src
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Determines whether or not to add the repository as a source repo as well.

distribution
Ruby Type: String, false | Default Value: The LSB codename of the node such as 'focal'.

Usually a distribution’s codename, such as xenial, bionic, or focal.

key
Ruby Type: String, Array, false

If a keyserver is provided, this is assumed to be the fingerprint; otherwise it can be either the URI of GPG key for the repo, or a cookbook_file.

key_proxy
Ruby Type: String, false

If set, a specified proxy is passed to GPG via http-proxy=.

keyserver
Ruby Type: String, false | Default Value: keyserver.ubuntu.com

The GPG keyserver where the key for the repo should be retrieved.

repo_name
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name

An optional property to set the repository name if it differs from the resource block’s name. The value of this setting must not contain spaces.

New in Chef Client 14.1

trusted
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Determines whether you should treat all packages from this repository as authenticated regardless of signature.

uri
Ruby Type: String

The base of the Debian distribution.


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

compile_time

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Control the phase during which the resource is run on the node. Set to true to run while the resource collection is being built (the compile phase). Set to false to run while Chef Infra Client is configuring the node (the converge phase).

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false, :quiet | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason. :quiet will not display the full stack trace and the recipe will continue to run if a resource fails.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef InfraClient.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the apt_repository resource in recipes:

Add repository with basic settings:

apt_repository 'nginx' do
  uri        'http://nginx.org/packages/ubuntu/'
  components ['nginx']
end

Enable Ubuntu multiverse repositories:

apt_repository 'security-ubuntu-multiverse' do
  uri          'http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu'
  distribution 'xenial-security'
  components   ['multiverse']
  deb_src      true
end

Add the Nginx PPA, autodetect the key and repository url:

apt_repository 'nginx-php' do
  uri 'ppa:nginx/stable'
end

Add the JuJu PPA, grab the key from the keyserver, and add source repo:

apt_repository 'juju' do
  uri 'ppa:juju/stable'
  components ['main']
  distribution 'xenial'
  key 'C8068B11'
  action :add
  deb_src true
end

Add repository that requires multiple keys to authenticate packages:

apt_repository 'rundeck' do
  uri 'https://dl.bintray.com/rundeck/rundeck-deb'
  distribution '/'
  key ['379CE192D401AB61', 'http://rundeck.org/keys/BUILD-GPG-KEY-Rundeck.org.key']
  keyserver 'keyserver.ubuntu.com'
  action :add
end

Add the Cloudera Repo of CDH4 packages for Ubuntu 16.04 on AMD64:

apt_repository 'cloudera' do
  uri          'http://archive.cloudera.com/cdh4/ubuntu/xenial/amd64/cdh'
  arch         'amd64'
  distribution 'xenial-cdh4'
  components   ['contrib']
  key          'http://archive.cloudera.com/debian/archive.key'
end

Remove a repository from the list:

apt_repository 'zenoss' do
  action :remove
end