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gem_package resource

Resources Reference page


Warning

The chef_gem and gem_package resources are both used to install Ruby gems. For any machine on which Chef Infra Client is installed, there are two instances of Ruby. One is the standard, system-wide instance of Ruby and the other is a dedicated instance that is available only to Chef Infra Client. Use the chef_gem resource to install gems into the instance of Ruby that is dedicated to Chef Infra Client. Use the gem_package resource to install all other gems (i.e. install gems system-wide).

Use the gem_package resource to manage gem packages that are only included in recipes. When a package is installed from a local file, it must be added to the node using the remote_file or cookbook_file resources.

Note

The gem_package resource must be specified as gem_package and cannot be shortened to package in a recipe.

Syntax


A gem_package resource block manages a package on a node, typically by installing it. The simplest use of the gem_package resource is:

gem_package 'package_name'

which will install the named package using all of the default options and the default action (:install).

The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the gem_package resource is:

gem_package 'name' do
  clear_sources              true, false
  gem_binary                 String
  include_default_source     true, false
  options                    String
  package_name               String, Array
  source                     String, Array
  timeout                    String, Integer
  version                    String, Array
  action                     Symbol # defaults to :install if not specified
end

where:

  • gem_package is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • clear_sources, gem_binary, include_default_source, options, package_name, source, timeout, and version are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The gem_package resource has the following actions:

:install
Default. Install a package. If a version is specified, install the specified version of the package.
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.
:purge
Purge a package. This action typically removes the configuration files as well as the package.
:reconfig
Reconfigure a package. This action requires a response file.
:remove
Remove a package.
:upgrade
Install a package and/or ensure that a package is the latest version.

Properties


The gem_package resource has the following properties:

clear_sources
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Set to true to download a gem from the path specified by the source property (and not from RubyGems).

gem_binary
Ruby Type: String

A property for the gem_package provider that is used to specify a gems binary. By default, the same version of Ruby that is used by Chef Infra Client will be installed.

include_default_source
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

Set to false to not include Chef::Config[:rubygems_url] in the sources.

New in Chef Client 13.0

options
Ruby Type: String

One (or more) additional options that are passed to the command.

package_name
Ruby Type: String, Array

The name of the package. Default value: the name of the resource block. See “Syntax” section above for more information.

source
Ruby Type: String, Array

Optional. The URL, or list of URLs, at which the gem package is located. This list is added to the source configured in Chef::Config[:rubygems_url] (see also include_default_source) to construct the complete list of rubygems sources. Users in an “airgapped” environment should set Chef::Config[:rubygems_url] to their local RubyGems mirror.

timeout
Ruby Type: String, Integer

The amount of time (in seconds) to wait before timing out.

version
Ruby Type: String, Array

The version of a package to be installed or upgraded.


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef Infra Client.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the gem_package resource in recipes:

Install a gems file from the local file system

gem_package 'right_aws' do
  source '/tmp/right_aws-1.11.0.gem'
  action :install
end

Use the ignore_failure common attribute

gem_package 'syntax' do
  action :install
  ignore_failure true
end