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inspec_waiver_file_entry Resource

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To suggest a change, edit the inspec_waiver_file_entry.rb file and submit a pull request to the Chef Infra Client repository.

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Use the inspec_waiver_file_entry resource to add or remove entries from an InSpec waiver file. This can be used in conjunction with the Compliance Phase.

New in Chef Infra Client 17.1.

Syntax


The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the inspec_waiver_file_entry resource is:

inspec_waiver_file_entry 'name' do
  backup             false, Integer # default value: false
  control            String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  expiration         String
  file_path          String
  justification      String
  run_test           true, false
  action             Symbol # defaults to :add if not specified
end

where:

  • inspec_waiver_file_entry is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • backup, control, expiration, file_path, justification, and run_test are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The inspec_waiver_file_entry resource has the following actions:

:add
(default)
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.
:remove

Properties


The inspec_waiver_file_entry resource has the following properties:

backup
Ruby Type: false, Integer | Default Value: false

The number of backups to be kept in /var/chef/backup (for UNIX- and Linux-based platforms) or C:/chef/backup (for the Microsoft Windows platform). Set to false to prevent backups from being kept.

control
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name

The name of the control being added or removed to the waiver file

expiration
Ruby Type: String

The expiration date of the given waiver - provided in YYYY-MM-DD format

file_path
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: `/etc/chef/inspec_waivers.yml` on Linux/Unix and `C:\chef\inspec_waivers.yml` on Windows | REQUIRED

The path to the waiver file being modified

justification
Ruby Type: String

Can be any text you want and might include a reason for the waiver as well as who signed off on the waiver.

run_test
Ruby Type: true, false

If present and true, the control will run and be reported, but failures in it won’t make the overall run fail. If absent or false, the control will not be run.


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

compile_time

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Control the phase during which the resource is run on the node. Set to true to run while the resource collection is being built (the compile phase). Set to false to run while Chef Infra Client is configuring the node (the converge phase).

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false, :quiet | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason. :quiet will not display the full stack trace and the recipe will continue to run if a resource fails.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef InfraClient.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

If the referenced resource does not exist, an error is raised. In contrast, subscribes will not fail if the source resource is not found.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

If the other resource does not exist, the subscription will not raise an error. Contrast this with the stricter semantics of notifies, which will raise an error if the other resource does not exist.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the inspec_waiver_file_entry resource in recipes:

Add an InSpec waiver entry to a given waiver file:

  inspec_waiver_file_entry 'Add waiver entry for control' do
    file_path 'C:\chef\inspec_waiver_file.yml'
    control 'my_inspec_control_01'
    run_test false
    justification "The subject of this control is not managed by Chef Infra Client on the systems in policy group #{node['policy_group']}"
    expiration '2022-01-01'
    action :add
  end

Add an InSpec waiver entry to a given waiver file using the ‘name’ property to identify the control:

  inspec_waiver_file_entry 'my_inspec_control_01' do
    justification "The subject of this control is not managed by Chef Infra Client on the systems in policy group #{node['policy_group']}"
    action :add
  end

Remove an InSpec waiver entry to a given waiver file:

  inspec_waiver_file_entry "my_inspec_control_01" do
    action :remove
  end

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