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mount Resource

This page is generated from the Chef source code.
To suggest a change, edit the mount.rb file and submit a pull request to the Chef repository.

Resources Reference page


Use the mount resource to manage a mounted file system.

Syntax


The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the mount resource is:

mount 'name' do
  device           String
  device_type      String, Symbol # default value: :device
  domain           String
  dump             Integer, false # default value: 0
  enabled          true, false # default value: false
  fsck_device      String # default value: "-"
  fstype           String # default value: "auto"
  mount_point      String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  options          Array, String # default value: ["defaults"]
  pass             Integer, false # default value: 2
  password         String
  supports         Array, Hash
  username         String
  action           Symbol # defaults to :mount if not specified
end

where:

  • mount is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • device, device_type, domain, dump, enabled, fsck_device, fstype, mount_point, options, pass, password, supports, and username are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The mount resource has the following actions:

:disable
Remove an entry from the file systems table (fstab).
:enable
Add an entry to the file systems table (fstab).
:mount
Default. Mount a device.
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.
:remount
Remount a device.
:umount
Unmount a device.
:unmount
Alias for :umount action.

Properties


The mount resource has the following properties:

device
Ruby Type: String

Required for :umount and :remount actions (for the purpose of checking the mount command output for presence). The special block device or remote node, a label, or a uuid to be mounted.

device_type
Ruby Type: String, Symbol | Default Value: :device
Allowed Values: :device, :label, :uuid

The type of device: :device, :label, or :uuid

domain
Ruby Type: String

Windows only: Use to specify the domain in which the username and password are located.

dump
Ruby Type: Integer, false | Default Value: 0

The dump frequency (in days) used while creating a file systems table (fstab) entry.

enabled
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Use to specify if a mounted file system is enabled.

fsck_device
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: -

Solaris only: The fsck device.

fstype
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: auto

The file system type (fstype) of the device.

mount_point
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name

The directory (or path) in which the device is to be mounted. Defaults to the name of the resource block if not provided.

options
Ruby Type: Array, String | Default Value: ["defaults"]

An array or comma separated list of options for the mount.

pass
Ruby Type: Integer, false | Default Value: 2

The pass number used by the file system check (fsck) command while creating a file systems table (fstab) entry.

password
Ruby Type: String

Windows only:. Use to specify the password for username.

supports
Ruby Type: Array, Hash

Specify a Hash of supported mount features. Default value: remount: false (preferred). Array defaults to remount: true (non-preferred).

username
Ruby Type: String

Windows only: Use to specify the user name.


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

compile_time

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Control the phase during which the resource is run on the node. Set to true to run while the resource collection is being built (the compile phase). Set to false to run while Chef Infra Client is configuring the node (the converge phase).

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false, :quiet | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason. :quiet will not display the full stack trace and the recipe will continue to run if a resource fails.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef InfraClient.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

If the referenced resource does not exist, an error is raised. In contrast, subscribes will not fail if the source resource is not found.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

If the other resource does not exist, the subscription will not raise an error. Contrast this with the stricter semantics of notifies, which will raise an error if the other resource does not exist.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the mount resource in recipes:

Mount a labeled file system

mount '/mnt/volume1' do
  device 'volume1'
  device_type :label
  fstype 'xfs'
  options 'rw'
end

Mount a local block drive

mount '/mnt/local' do
  device '/dev/sdb1'
  fstype 'ext3'
end

Mount a non-block file system

mount '/mount/tmp' do
  pass     0
  fstype   'tmpfs'
  device   '/dev/null'
  options  'nr_inodes=999k,mode=755,size=500m'
  action   [:mount, :enable]
end

Mount and add to the file systems table

mount '/export/www' do
  device 'nas1prod:/export/web_sites'
  fstype 'nfs'
  options 'rw'
  action [:mount, :enable]
end

Mount a remote file system

mount '/export/www' do
  device 'nas1prod:/export/web_sites'
  fstype 'nfs'
  options 'rw'
end

Mount a remote folder in Microsoft Windows

mount 'T:' do
  action :mount
  device '\\\\hostname.example.com\\folder'
end

Unmount a remote folder in Microsoft Windows

mount 'T:' do
  action :umount
  device '\\\\hostname.example.com\\D$'
end

Stop a service, do stuff, and then restart it

The following example shows how to use the execute, service, and mount resources together to ensure that a node running on Amazon EC2 is running MySQL. This example does the following:

  • Checks to see if the Amazon EC2 node has MySQL
  • If the node has MySQL, stops MySQL
  • Installs MySQL
  • Mounts the node
  • Restarts MySQL
# the following code sample comes from the ``server_ec2``
# recipe in the following cookbook:
# https://github.com/chef-cookbooks/mysql

if (node.attribute?('ec2') && ! FileTest.directory?(node['mysql']['ec2_path']))

  service 'mysql' do
    action :stop
  end

  execute 'install-mysql' do
    command "mv #{node['mysql']['data_dir']} #{node['mysql']['ec2_path']}"
    not_if do FileTest.directory?(node['mysql']['ec2_path']) end
  end

  [node['mysql']['ec2_path'], node['mysql']['data_dir']].each do |dir|
    directory dir do
      owner 'mysql'
      group 'mysql'
    end
  end

  mount node['mysql']['data_dir'] do
    device node['mysql']['ec2_path']
    fstype 'none'
    options 'bind,rw'
    action [:mount, :enable]
  end

  service 'mysql' do
    action :start
  end

end

where

  • the two service resources are used to stop, and then restart the MySQL service
  • the execute resource is used to install MySQL
  • the mount resource is used to mount the node and enable MySQL