Skip to main content

systemd_unit resource

Resources Reference page


Use the systemd_unit resource to create, manage, and run systemd units.

New in Chef Infra Client 12.11.

Syntax


The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the systemd_unit resource is:

systemd_unit 'name' do
  content              String, Hash
  triggers_reload      true, false # default value: true
  unit_name            String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  user                 String
  verify               true, false # default value: true
  action               Symbol # defaults to :nothing if not specified
end

where:

  • systemd_unit is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • content, triggers_reload, unit_name, user, and verify are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The systemd_unit resource has the following actions:

:create
Create a unit file, if it does not already exist.
:delete
Delete a unit file, if it exists.
:disable
Ensure the unit will not be started after the next system boot.
:enable
Ensure the unit will be started after the next system boot.
:mask
Ensure the unit will not start, even to satisfy dependencies.
:nothing
Default. Do nothing with the unit.
:preset
Restore the preset “enable/disable” configuration for a unit. New in Chef Client 14.0.
:reenable
Reenable a unit file. New in Chef Client 14.0.
:reload
Reload the configuration file for a unit.
:reload_or_restart
For units that are services, this action reloads the configuration of the service without restarting, if possible; otherwise, it will restart the service so the new configuration is applied.
:reload_or_try_restart
For units that are services, this action reloads the configuration of the service without restarting, if possible; otherwise, it will try to restart the service so the new configuration is applied.
:restart
Restart a unit.
:revert
Revet to a vendor’s version of a unit file. New in Chef Client 14.0.
:start
Start a unit based in its systemd unit file.
:stop
Stop a running unit.
:try_restart
Try to restart a unit if the unit is running.
:unmask
Stop the unit from being masked and cause it to start as specified.

Properties


The systemd_unit resource has the following properties:

content
Ruby Type: String, Hash

A string or hash that contains a systemd unit file definition that describes the properties of systemd-managed entities, such as services, sockets, devices, and so on. In Chef Infra Client 14.4 or later, repeatable options can be implemented with an array.

triggers_reload
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

Specifies whether to trigger a daemon reload when creating or deleting a unit.

unit_name
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name

The name of the unit file if it differs from the resource block’s name.

New in Chef Client 13.7

user
Ruby Type: String

The user account that the systemd unit process is run under. The path to the unit for that user would be something like ‘/etc/systemd/user/sshd.service’. If no user account is specified, the systemd unit will run under a ‘system’ account, with the path to the unit being something like ‘/etc/systemd/system/sshd.service’.

verify
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

Specifies if the unit will be verified before installation. Systemd can be overly strict when verifying units, so in certain cases it is preferable not to verify the unit.

Unit file verification

The unit file is verified via a systemd-analyze verify call before being written to disk.

Be aware that the referenced commands and files need to already exist before verification.


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef Infra Client.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the systemd_unit resource in recipes:

Create etcd systemd service unit file from a Hash

systemd_unit 'etcd.service' do
  content({Unit: {
            Description: 'Etcd',
            Documentation: ['https://coreos.com/etcd', 'man:etcd(1)'],
            After: 'network.target',
          },
          Service: {
            Type: 'notify',
            ExecStart: '/usr/local/etcd',
            Restart: 'always',
          },
          Install: {
            WantedBy: 'multi-user.target',
          }})
  action [:create, :enable]
end

Create etcd systemd service unit file from a String

systemd_unit 'sysstat-collect.timer' do
  content <<-EOU.gsub(/^\s+/, '')
  [Unit]
  Description=Run system activity accounting tool every 10 minutes

  [Timer]
  OnCalendar=*:00/10

  [Install]
  WantedBy=sysstat.service
  EOU

  action [:create, :enable]
end