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user_ulimit resource

Resources Reference page


Use the user_ulimit resource to create individual ulimit files that are installed into the /etc/security/limits.d/ directory.

New in Chef Infra Client 16.0.

Syntax


The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the user_ulimit resource is:

user_ulimit 'name' do
  core_hard_limit            String, Integer
  core_limit                 String, Integer
  core_soft_limit            String, Integer
  filehandle_hard_limit      String, Integer
  filehandle_limit           String, Integer
  filehandle_soft_limit      String, Integer
  filename                   String
  memory_limit               String, Integer
  process_hard_limit         String, Integer
  process_limit              String, Integer
  process_soft_limit         String, Integer
  rtprio_hard_limit          String, Integer
  rtprio_limit               String, Integer
  rtprio_soft_limit          String, Integer
  stack_hard_limit           String, Integer
  stack_limit                String, Integer
  stack_soft_limit           String, Integer
  username                   String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  virt_limit                 String, Integer
  action                     Symbol # defaults to :create if not specified
end

where:

  • user_ulimit is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • core_hard_limit, core_limit, core_soft_limit, filehandle_hard_limit, filehandle_limit, filehandle_soft_limit, filename, memory_limit, process_hard_limit, process_limit, process_soft_limit, rtprio_hard_limit, rtprio_limit, rtprio_soft_limit, stack_hard_limit, stack_limit, stack_soft_limit, username, and virt_limit are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The user_ulimit resource has the following actions:

:create
Create a ulimit configuration file
:delete
Delete a ulimit configuration file
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

Properties


The user_ulimit resource has the following properties:

core_hard_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

core_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

core_soft_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

filehandle_hard_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

filehandle_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

filehandle_soft_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

filename
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: lazy default

memory_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

process_hard_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

process_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

process_soft_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

rtprio_hard_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

rtprio_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

rtprio_soft_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

stack_hard_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

stack_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

stack_soft_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer

username
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name

virt_limit
Ruby Type: String, Integer


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef Infra Client.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the user_ulimit resource in recipes:

Set filehandle limit for the tomcat user:

user_ulimit 'tomcat' do
  filehandle_limit 8192
end

Specify a username that differs from the name given to the resource block:

user_ulimit 'Bump filehandle limits for tomcat user' do
  username 'tomcat'
  filehandle_limit 8192
end

Set filehandle limit for the tomcat user with a non-default filename:

user_ulimit 'tomcat' do
  filehandle_limit 8192
  filename 'tomcat_filehandle_limits.conf'
end