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windows_ad_join resource

Resources Reference page


Use the windows_ad_join resource to join a Windows Active Directory domain.

New in Chef Infra Client 14.0.

Syntax


The windows_ad_join resource has the following syntax:

windows_ad_join 'name' do
  domain_name          String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  domain_password      String
  domain_user          String
  new_hostname         String
  ou_path              String
  reboot               Symbol # default value: :immediate
  sensitive            true, false # default value: true
  workgroup_name       String
  action               Symbol # defaults to :join if not specified
end

where:

  • windows_ad_join is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • domain_name, domain_password, domain_user, new_hostname, ou_path, reboot, sensitive, and workgroup_name are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The windows_ad_join resource has the following actions:

:join
Default. Join the Active Directory domain.
:leave
Leave an Active Directory domain and re-join a workgroup.
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

Properties


The windows_ad_join resource has the following properties:

domain_name
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name

An optional property to set the FQDN of the Active Directory domain to join if it differs from the resource block’s name.

domain_password
Ruby Type: String | REQUIRED

The password for the domain user. Note that this resource is set to hide sensitive information by default.

domain_user
Ruby Type: String | REQUIRED

The domain user that will be used to join the domain.

new_hostname
Ruby Type: String

Specifies a new hostname for the computer in the new domain.

New in Chef Client 14.5

ou_path
Ruby Type: String

The path to the Organizational Unit where the host will be placed.

reboot
Ruby Type: Symbol | Default Value: :immediate

Controls the system reboot behavior post domain joining. Reboot immediately, after the Chef Infra Client run completes, or never. Note that a reboot is necessary for changes to take effect. Possible values are :immediate, :delayed, or :never.

sensitive
Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: true

workgroup_name
Ruby Type: String

Specifies the name of a workgroup to which the computer is added to when it is removed from the domain. The default value is WORKGROUP. This property is only applicable to the :leave action.

New in Chef Infra Client 15.4


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef Infra Client.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the windows_ad_join resource in recipes:

Join a domain

windows_ad_join 'ad.example.org' do
  domain_user 'nick'
  domain_password 'p@ssw0rd1'
end

Join a domain, as `win-workstation`

windows_ad_join 'ad.example.org' do
  domain_user 'nick'
  domain_password 'p@ssw0rd1'
  new_hostname 'win-workstation'
end

Leave the current domain and re-join the `local` workgroup

windows_ad_join 'Leave domain' do
  action :leave
  workgroup 'local'
end