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windows_firewall_profile Resource

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To suggest a change, edit the windows_firewall_profile.rb file and submit a pull request to the Chef repository.

Resources Reference page


Use the windows_firewall_profile resource to enable, disable, and configure the Windows firewall.

New in Chef Infra Client 16.3.

Syntax


The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the windows_firewall_profile resource is:

windows_firewall_profile 'name' do
  allow_inbound_rules             true, false, String
  allow_local_firewall_rules      true, false, String
  allow_local_ipsec_rules         true, false, String
  allow_unicast_response          true, false, String
  allow_user_apps                 true, false, String
  allow_user_ports                true, false, String
  default_inbound_action          String
  default_outbound_action         String
  display_notification            true, false, String
  profile                         String # default value: 'name' unless specified
  action                          Symbol # defaults to :enable if not specified
end

where:

  • windows_firewall_profile is the resource.
  • name is the name given to the resource block.
  • action identifies which steps Chef Infra Client will take to bring the node into the desired state.
  • allow_inbound_rules, allow_local_firewall_rules, allow_local_ipsec_rules, allow_unicast_response, allow_user_apps, allow_user_ports, default_inbound_action, default_outbound_action, display_notification, and profile are the properties available to this resource.

Actions


The windows_firewall_profile resource has the following actions:

:disable
Disable a Windows Firewall profile
:enable
Enable and optionally configure a Windows Firewall profile
:nothing
This resource block does not act unless notified by another resource to take action. Once notified, this resource block either runs immediately or is queued up to run at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

Properties


The windows_firewall_profile resource has the following properties:

allow_inbound_rules
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Allow users to set inbound firewall rules

allow_local_firewall_rules
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Merges inbound firewall rules into the policy

allow_local_ipsec_rules
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Allow users to manage local connection security rules

allow_unicast_response
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Allow unicast responses to multicast and broadcast messages

allow_user_apps
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Allow user applications to manage firewall

allow_user_ports
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Allow users to manage firewall port rules

default_inbound_action
Ruby Type: String
Allowed Values: "Allow", "Block", "NotConfigured"

Set the default policy for inbound network traffic

default_outbound_action
Ruby Type: String
Allowed Values: "Allow", "Block", "NotConfigured"

Set the default policy for outbound network traffic

display_notification
Ruby Type: true, false, String
Allowed Values: true, false, "NotConfigured"

Display a notification when firewall blocks certain activity

profile
Ruby Type: String | Default Value: The resource block's name
Allowed Values: "Domain", "Private", "Public"

Set the Windows Profile being configured


Common Resource Functionality


Chef resources include common properties, notifications, and resource guards.

Common Properties

The following properties are common to every resource:

compile_time

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Control the phase during which the resource is run on the node. Set to true to run while the resource collection is being built (the compile phase). Set to false to run while Chef Infra Client is configuring the node (the converge phase).

ignore_failure

Ruby Type: true, false, :quiet | Default Value: false

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason. :quiet will not display the full stack trace and the recipe will continue to run if a resource fails.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 0

The number of attempts to catch exceptions and retry the resource.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer | Default Value: 2

The retry delay (in seconds).

sensitive

Ruby Type: true, false | Default Value: false

Ensure that sensitive resource data is not logged by Chef InfraClient.

Notifications

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

If the referenced resource does not exist, an error is raised. In contrast, subscribes will not fail if the source resource is not found.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, 'Chef::Resource[String]'

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
  mode '0600'
  owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
  subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

If the other resource does not exist, the subscription will not raise an error. Contrast this with the stricter semantics of notifies, which will raise an error if the other resource does not exist.

A timer specifies the point during a Chef Infra Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before

Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.

:delayed

Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of a Chef Infra Client run.

:immediate, :immediately

Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer

Guards

A guard property can be used to evaluate the state of a node during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run. Based on the results of this evaluation, a guard property is then used to tell Chef Infra Client if it should continue executing a resource. A guard property accepts either a string value or a Ruby block value:

  • A string is executed as a shell command. If the command returns 0, the guard is applied. If the command returns any other value, then the guard property is not applied. String guards in a powershell_script run Windows PowerShell commands and may return true in addition to 0.
  • A block is executed as Ruby code that must return either true or false. If the block returns true, the guard property is applied. If the block returns false, the guard property is not applied.

A guard property is useful for ensuring that a resource is idempotent by allowing that resource to test for the desired state as it is being executed, and then if the desired state is present, for Chef Infra Client to do nothing.

Properties

The following properties can be used to define a guard that is evaluated during the execution phase of a Chef Infra Client run:

not_if

Prevent a resource from executing when the condition returns true.

only_if

Allow a resource to execute only if the condition returns true.

Examples


The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using the windows_firewall_profile resource in recipes:

Enable and Configure the Private Profile of the Windows Profile:

windows_firewall_profile 'Private' do
  default_inbound_action 'Block'
  default_outbound_action 'Allow'
  allow_inbound_rules true
  display_notification false
  action :enable
end

Enable and Configure the Public Profile of the Windows Firewall:

windows_firewall_profile 'Public' do
  default_inbound_action 'Block'
  default_outbound_action 'Allow'
  allow_inbound_rules false
  display_notification false
  action :enable
end

Disable the Domain Profile of the Windows Firewall:

windows_firewall_profile 'Disable the Domain Profile of the Windows Firewall' do
  profile 'Domain'
  action :disable
end

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