Skip to main content

chef-backend.rb Settings

[edit on GitHub]

Warning

Chef Backend is deprecated and no longer under active development. Contact your Chef account representative for information about upgrading your system.

This document is no longer maintained.

chef-backend.rb Options

Run chef-backend-ctl gen-sample-backend-config to generate the chef-backend.rb file. This will control most of the various feature and configuration flags going into a Chef HA backend node. A number of these options control the reliability, stability, and uptime of the backend PostgreSQL databases, the Elasticsearch index, and the leader election system. Please refrain from changing them unless you have been advised to do so.

The following settings are the only settings you should modify without guidance:
fqdn
Host name of this node.
hide_sensitive
Set to false if you wish to print deltas of sensitive files and templates during chef-backend-ctl reconfigure runs.
Default value: true.
ip_version
Set to either 'ipv4' or 'ipv6'.
Default value: 'ipv4'.
publish_address
Externally resolvable IP address of this back-end node.

Common ‘Runit’ Flags for Any Backend Service

See https://github.com/chef-cookbooks/runit for details. Many of the flags are repeated across the various backend services, but they are only documented once at the top here. The same defaults are used unless specified below.

postgresql.enable
Sets up and runs the postgresql service.
Default value: true.
postgresql.environment
A hash of environment variables with their values as content used in the service’s env directory.
postgresql.log_directory
The directory where the svlogd log service will run.
Default value: '/var/log/chef-backend/postgresql/<version>'.
postgresql.log_rotation.file_maxbytes
The maximum size a log file can grow to before it is automatically rotated.
Default value: 104857600 (100MB).
postgresql.log_rotation.num_to_keep
The maximum number of log files that will be retained after rotation.
Default value: 10.
etcd.enable
Sets up and runs the etcd service.
Default value: true.
etcd.log_directory
The directory where the svlogd log service will run.
Default value: '/var/log/chef-backend/etcd'.
etcd.log_rotation.file_maxbytes
The maximum size a log file can grow to before it is automatically rotated.
Default value: 104857600 (100MB).
etcd.log_rotation.num_to_keep
The maximum number of log files that will be retained after rotation.
Default value: 10.
elasticsearch.enable
Sets up and runs the elasticsearch service.
Default value: true.
elasticsearch.log_directory
The directory where the svlogd log service will run. Also affects path.logs in the Elasticsearch configuration YAML.
Default value: '/var/log/chef-backend/elasticsearch'.
elasticsearch.log_rotation.file_maxbytes
The maximum size a log file can grow to before it is automatically rotated.
Default value: 104857600 (100MB).
elasticsearch.log_rotation.num_to_keep
The maximum number of log files that will be retained after rotation.
Default value: 10.
leaderl.enable
Sets up and runs the leaderl service.
Default value: true.
leaderl.log_directory
The directory where the svlogd log service will run.
Default value: '/var/log/chef-backend/leaderl'.
leaderl.start_down
The default state of the runit service to down by creating <sv_dir>/down file.
Default value: true.
leaderl.log_rotation.file_maxbytes
The maximum size a log file can grow to before it is automatically rotated.
Default value: 104857600 (100MB).
leaderl.log_rotation.num_to_keep
The maximum number of log files that will be retained after rotation.
Default value: 10.

PostgreSQL Settings

postgresql.db_superuser
Super user account to create. Password is in chef-backend-secrets.json.
Default value: 'chef_pgsql'.
postgresql.md5_auth_cidr_addresses
A list of authorized addresses from which other backend nodes can connect to perform streaming replication. samehost and samenet are special symbols to allow connections from the this node’s IP address and its subnet. You may also use all to match any IP address. You may specify a hostname or IP address in CIDR format (172.20.143.89/32 for a single host, or 172.20.143.0/24 for a small network. See https://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.5/static/auth-pg-hba-conf.html for alternative formats.
Default value: ["samehost", "samenet"].
postgresql.replication_user
Username used by postgres streaming replicator when accessing this node.
Default value: 'replicator'.
postgresql.username
System username that the postgres process will run as.
Default value: 'chef_pgsql'.

PostgreSQL Settings Given to postgresql.conf

See PostgreSQL’s documentation for details. Some defaults are provided:

postgresql.archive_command
Default value: ''.
postgresql.archive_mode
Default value: 'off'.
postgresql.archive_timeout
Default value: 0.
postgresql.checkpoint_completion_target
Default value: 0.5.
postgresql.checkpoint_timeout
Default value: '5min'.
postgresql.checkpoint_warning
Default value: '30s'.
postgresql.effective_cache_size
Automatically calculated based on available memory.
postgresql.hot_standby
Default value: 'on'.
postgresql.keepalives_count
Sets tcp_keepalives_count.
Default value: 2.
postgresql.keepalives_idle
Sets tcp_keepalives_idle.
Default value: 60.
postgresql.keepalives_interval
Sets tcp_keepalives_interval.
Default value: 15.
postgresql.log_checkpoints
Default value: true.
postgresql.log_min_duration_statement
Default value: -1.
postgresql.max_connections
Default value: 350.
postgresql.max_replication_slots
Default value: 12.
postgresql.max_wal_senders
Default value: 12.
postgresql.max_wal_size
Default value: 64.
postgresql.min_wal_size
Default value: 5.
postgresql.port
Default value: 5432.
postgresql.shared_buffers
Automatically calculated based on available memory.
postgresql.wal_keep_segments
Default value: 32.
postgresql.wal_level
Default value: 'hot_standby'.
postgresql.wal_log_hints
Default value: on.
postgresql.work_mem
Default value: '8MB'.

etcd Settings

etcd.client_port
Port to use for ETCD_LISTEN_CLIENT_URLS and ETCD_ADVERTISE_CLIENT_URLS.
Default value: 2379.
etcd.peer_port
Port to use for ETCD_LISTEN_PEER_URLS and ETCD_ADVERTISE_PEER_URLS.
Default value: 2380.

The following settings relate to etcd’s consensus protocol. Chef Backend builds its own leader election on top of etcd’s consensus protocol. Updating these settings may be advisable if you are seeing frequent failover events as a result of spurious etcd connection timeouts. The current defaults assume a high-latency environment, such as those you might find if deploying Chef Backend to various cloud providers.

etcd.heartbeat_interval
ETCD_HEARTBEAT_INTERVAL in milliseconds. This is the frequency at which the leader will send heartbeats to followers. etcd’s documentation recommends that this is set roughly to the round-trip times between members.
Default value: 500, (100 by default before Chef Backend 1.2).
etcd.election_timeout
ETCD_ELECTION_TIMEOUT in milliseconds. This controls how long an etcd node will wait for heartbeat before triggering an election. Per etcd’s documentation, this should be 5 to 10 times larger than the etcd.heartbeat_interval. Increasing etcd.election_timeout increases the time it will take for etcd to detect a failure.
Default value: 5000, (1000 by default before Chef Backend 1.2).
etcd.snapshot_count
ETCD_SNAPSHOT_COUNT which is the number of committed transactions to trigger a snapshot to disk.
Default value: 5000.
etcd.ionice.class
etcd must be able to write to disk with minimal latency. If your cluster does not meet the disk requirements, e.g. you are running Chef Backend on virtual machines with shared disks, this settings should be changed to ‘1’ (real-time scheduling) to mitigate unnecessary failovers under high latency conditions.
Default value: 2.
New in Chef Backend 2.2.
etcd.ionice.level
This may be changed for further tuning to specific environments if etcd.ionice.class is changed, but in almost all cases it should not be modified.
Default value: 0.
New in Chef Backend 2.2.

Note

Even though the defaults assume a high-latency environment, cloud deployments should be restricted to the same datacenter, or in AWS, in the same region. This means that geographically-dispersed cluster deployments are not supported. Multiple Availability Zones are supported as long as they are in the same region.

See etcd’s documentation on tunables for more information.

Elasticsearch JVM Settings

elasticsearch.heap_size
Automatically computed by Elasticsearch based on available memory. Specify in MB if you wish to override.
elasticsearch.java_opts
Flags to directly pass to the JVM when launching Elasticsearch. If you override a heap flag here, the setting here takes precedence.
elasticsearch.new_size
Java heap’s new generation size.

Elasticsearch Configuration

See Elasticsearch’s configuration documentation for additional information.

elasticsearch.plugins_directory
Sets the path.plugins value.
Default value: '/var/opt/chef-backend/elasticsearch/plugins'.
elasticsearch.port
Sets the http.port value.
Default value: 9200.
elasticsearch.scripts_directory
Sets the path.scripts value.
Default value: '/var/opt/chef-backend/elasticsearch/scripts'.

Chef HA Backend Leader Management Service Settings

leaderl.db_timeout
Socket timeout when connecting to PostgreSQL in milliseconds.
Default value: 2000.
leaderl.http_acceptors
HTTP threads that responds to monitoring and leadership status requests from HAProxy.
Default value: 10.
leaderl.http_address
The address that leaderl listens on. This address should not be 127.0.0.1. It should be reachable from any front-end node.
Default value: '0.0.0.0'.
leaderl.http_port
Default value: 7331.
leaderl.leader_ttl_seconds
The number of seconds it takes the leader key to expire. Increasing this value will increase the amount of time the cluster will take to recognize a failed leader. Lowering this value may lead to frequent leadership changes and thrashing.
Default value: 30. (10 by default before Chef Backend 1.2).
leaderl.required_active_followers
The number of followers that must be syncing via a PostgreSQL replication slot before a new leader will return 200 to /leader HTTP requests. If an existing leader fails to maintain this quorum of followers, the /leader endpoint will return 503 but active connections will still be able to complete their writes to the database.
Default value: 0.
leaderl.runsv_group
The group that sensitive password files will belong to. This is used internally for test purposes and should never be modified otherwise.
Default value: 'chef_pgsql'.
leaderl.status_internal_update_interval_seconds
How often we check for a change in the leader service’s status in seconds.
Default value: 5.
leaderl.status_post_update_interval_seconds
How often etcd is updated with the leader service’s current status in seconds.
Default value: 10.
leaderl.username
System username that the leaderl process will run as. Usually the same as postgresql.username.
Default value: 'chef_pgsql'.
leaderl.log_rotation.max_messages_per_second
Rate limit for the number of messages that the Erlang error_logger will output.
Default value: 1000.
leaderl.etcd_pool.ibrowse_options
Internal options to affect how requests to etcd are made (see https://github.com/cmullaparthi/ibrowse/blob/master/doc/ibrowse.html).
leaderl.epmd_monitor.check_interval
How often to check that leaderl is registered with the Erlang Port Mapping Daemon (epmd) in milliseconds.
Default value: 60000.

Chef HA Backend Leader Health Status Settings

leaderl.health_check.interval_seconds
How frequently to poll the service for health status in seconds. We recommend setting this to at least 5 times the value of leaderl.leader_ttl_seconds.
Default value: 5, (2 by default before version Chef Backend 1.2).
leaderl.health_check.max_bytes_behind_leader
Limit on maximum different between elected leader and current node in bytes.
Default value: 52428800 (50MB).
leaderl.health_check.max_elasticsearch_failures
Number of Elasticsearch API failures allowed before health check fails.
Default value: 5.
leaderl.health_check.max_etcd_failures
Number of etcd failures allowed before health check fails.
Default value: 5.
leaderl.health_check.max_pgsql_failures
Number of PostgreSQL connection failures allowed before health check fails.
Default value: 5.
leaderl.health_check.fatal_system_checks
Whether or not system check failures (such as disk space failures) will result in the node being marked ineligible for leadership.
Default value: false.
New in Chef Backend 1.4.
leaderl.health_check.disk_paths
An array containing the paths to check for sufficient disk space.
Default value: [/var/log/chef-backend, /var/opt/chef-backend].
New in Chef Backend 1.4.
leaderl.health_check.disk_min_space_mb
The minimum amount of disk space (in megabytes) required for a disk health check to pass.
Default value: 250.
New in Chef Backend 1.4.

Chef HA Backend Leader Connection Pool Settings

See https://github.com/seth/pooler/blob/master/README.org for details. These are internal settings that affect the responsiveness, uptime and reliability of the backend cluster. They should not be modified unless you are advised to do so by Support.

leaderl.etcd_pool.cull_interval_seconds
Default value: 60.
leaderl.etcd_pool.http_timeout_ms
Default value: 5000.
leaderl.etcd_pool.init_count
Default value: 10.
leaderl.etcd_pool.max_age_seconds
Default value: 60.
leaderl.etcd_pool.max_connection_duration_seconds
Default value: 300.
leaderl.etcd_pool.max_count
Default value: 10.

SSL Settings

If certificate and certificate_key are nil, the SSL Certificate will be auto-generated using the other parameters provided. Otherwise, they are on-disk locations to user-provided certificate.

ssl.certificate
Provide this path if you have a pre-generated SSL cert.
ssl.certificate_key
Provide this path if you have a pre-generated SSL cert.
ssl.ciphers
Ordered list of allowed SSL ciphers. This will be updated based on security considerations and the version of OpenSSL being shipped.
ssl.company_name
The name of your organization.
ssl.country_name
The two-character country code.
ssl.data_dir
Where certificates will be stored.
Default value: '/var/opt/chef-backend/ssl/'.
ssl.duration
The duration of the certificate in days.
Default value: 3650 (10 years).
ssl.key_length
Default value: 2048.
ssl.organizational_unit_name
The name of the division in your organization.

chef-backend-ctl

The Chef Infra Server backend HA cluster includes a command-line utility named chef-backend-ctl. This command-line tool is used to manage the Chef Infra Server backend HA cluster, start and stop individual services, and tail Chef Infra Server log files. For more information, see the chef-backend-ctl documentation.

Was this page helpful?









Search Results