sudo

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Use the sudo resource to add or remove individual sudo entries using sudoers.d files. Sudo version 1.7.2 or newer is required to use the sudo resource, as it relies on the #includedir directive introduced in version 1.7.2. This resource does not enforce installation of the required sudo version. Chef-supported releases of Ubuntu, Debian and RHEL (6+) all support this feature.

New in Chef Client 14.0.

Syntax

This resource has the following syntax:

 sudo 'name' do
   commands                   Array # default value: 'ALL'
   command_aliases            Array # default value: []
   config_prefix              String # see description
   defaults                   Array # default value: []
   env_keep_add               Array # default value: []
   env_keep_subtract          Array # default value: []
   filename                   String # default value: The resource's name
   groups                     String, Array # default value: []
   host                       String # default value: 'ALL'
   noexec                     True, False # default value: 'false'
   nopasswd                   True, False #default value: 'false'
   notifies                   # see description
   runas                      String # default value: 'ALL'
   setenv                     True, False # default value: 'false'
   subscribes                 # see description
   template                   String
   users                      String, Array # default value: []
   variables                  Hash, nil # default value: nil
   visudo_binary              String # default value: '/usr/bin/visudo'
   action                     Symbol # defaults to :create if not specified
end

where:

  • sudo is the resource
  • name is the name of the sudoers.d file, or the name of the resource block
  • commands, command_aliases, config_prefix, defaults, env_keep_add, env_keep_subtract, filename, groups, host, noexec, nopasswd, notifies, runas, setenv, subscribes, template, users, variables, and visudo_binary are the properties available to this resource

Actions

:create
Default. Create a single sudoers configuration file in the sudoers.d directory.
:delete
Removed a sudoers configuration file from the sudoers.d directory.
:nothing
Define this resource block to do nothing until notified by another resource to take action. When this resource is notified, this resource block is either run immediately or it is queued up to be run at the end of the Chef Client run.

Properties

commands

Ruby Type: Array | Default Value: "ALL"

An array of commands this sudoer can execute.

command_aliases

Ruby Type: Array | Default Value: []

Command aliases that can be used as allowed commands later in the configuration.

config_prefix

Ruby Type: String | Default Value: Prefix values based on the node's platform

The directory that contains the sudoers configuration file.

defaults

Ruby Type: Array | Default Value: []

An array of defaults for the user/group.

env_keep_add

Ruby Type: Array | Default Value: []

An array of strings to add to env_keep.

env_keep_subtract

Ruby Type: Array | Default Value: []

An array of strings to remove from env_keep.

filename

Ruby Type: String | Default Value: 'name'

Optional. The name of the sudoers.d file, if it differs from the name of the resource block.

groups

Ruby Type: String, Array | Default Value: []

Group(s) to provide sudo privileges to. This accepts either an array or a comma-separated list. Leading % on group names is optional.

host

Ruby Type: String| Default Value: "ALL"

The host to set in the sudo configuration.

noexec

Ruby Type: True, False | Default Value: false

Prevent commands from shelling out.

nopasswd

Ruby Type: True, False | Default Value: false

Allow sudo to be run without specifying a password.

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notify more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during the Chef Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of the Chef Client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
runas

Ruby Type: String | Default Value: "ALL"

User that the command(s) can be run as.

setenv

Ruby Type: True, False | Default Value: false

Determines whether or not to permit preservation of the environment with sudo -E.

subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

Note that subscribes does not apply the specified action to the resource that it listens to - for example:

file '/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt' do
   mode '0600'
   owner 'root'
end

service 'nginx' do
   subscribes :reload, 'file[/etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt]', :immediately
end

In this case the subscribes property reloads the nginx service whenever its certificate file, located under /etc/nginx/ssl/example.crt, is updated. subscribes does not make any changes to the certificate file itself, it merely listens for a change to the file, and executes the :reload action for its resource (in this example nginx) when a change is detected.

A timer specifies the point during the Chef Client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the end of the Chef Client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
template

Ruby Type: String

The name of the .erb template in your cookbook, if you wish to supply your own template.

users

Ruby Type: String, Array | Default Value: []

User(s) to provide sudo privileges to. This property accepts either an array or a comma-separated list.

variables

Ruby Type: Hash, nil | Default Value: nil

The variables to pass to the custom template. This property is ignored if not using a custom template.

visudo_binary

Ruby Type: String | Default Value: /usr/sbin/visudo

The path to visudo for configuration verification.

Examples

Grant a user sudo privileges for any command

sudo 'admin' do
  user 'admin'
end

Grant a user and groups sudo privileges for any command

sudo 'admins' do
  users 'bob'
  groups 'sysadmins, superusers'
end

Grant passwordless sudo privileges for specific commands

sudo 'passwordless-access' do
  commands ['systemctl restart httpd', 'systemctl restart mysql']
  nopasswd True
end